Fri. Nov 15th, 2019

Notre Dame: Fragment Of The Cross And Nails “Used To Crucify Jesus”

The fate of many of the Notre Dame’s treasures is still unknown after the huge fire which ripped through the 850-year-old cathedral on Monday.

Experts are today entering the wreckage of the Paris landmark to find which of the precious artworks and religious relics have been saved.

The mayor of Paris said that one of the most irreplaceable items – the crown of thorns reputed to have been worn by Jesus at his crucifixion – was safe last night.

But there are fears for the church’s 13th-century stained glass windows and its magnificent organ, while the wooden roof and ornate spire have gone.

Safe: Crown of thorns

One of the cathedral’s most precious objects, a relic purported to be the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ on the cross, was whisked away to a secure facility.

Reports in France stated that the chaplain of the Paris fire brigade had gone inside with the firefighters to save the crown.

Experts said the irreplaceable item had been kept in a ‘very safe place’.

Safe: Tunic of St Louis

A 13th-century linen tunic which is thought to have belonged to King Louis IX – canonised as St Louis – was also made safe, the mayor of Paris said.

In his 44-year reign Louis took part in the Crusades and established early principles of justice such as the presumption of innocence.

He was proclaimed a saint in 1297 – the only French monarch to receive the honour – and was responsible for acquiring the Crown of Thorns.

Safe: Statues airlifted from the roof

Renovation was already taking place at the cathedral – which may have been linked to the fire.

As part of that work, 16 copper statues were airlifted from near the now-destroyed spire just days before the blaze.

Apparently safe: Descent from the Cross

This 1723 statue by Nicolas Cousteau sits on the cathedral’s high altar. It shows Jesus being taken down from the cross after his crucifixion.

Initial pictures showed the cross still standing with part of the sculpture visible, although it was surrounded by smoke and debris.

Apparently safe: Cathedral bells

Despite fire racing through Notre Dame’s roof, firefighters were able to prevent the blaze consuming the cathedral’s main structure, including its two bell towers.

The bells that have rung out at key moments in France’s history were thought to be safe.

Emmanuel, the largest bell, was lifted into the south tower in 1685 and weighs over 23 tonnes. Victor Hugo’s Hunchback of Notre Dame, Quasimodo, was the cathedral’s bell-ringer.

Unknown: North, West and South Rose Windows

The magnificent stained-glass artworks in the cathedral date back to the 13th century.

A French journalist at the scene last night said the north window appeared to be safe with no sign of broken glass although firefighters remained concerned.

There have been conflicting reports on the fate of the other two windows but one picture this morning appeared to show the south one largely intact.

Architecture professor Julio Bermudez said the stained glass windows were ‘really irreplaceable’.

Apparently safe: Grand Organ

Paris’ deputy mayor said Notre Dame’s organ, one of the biggest and most famous in the world, remains intact after the fire.

The organ, which has its beginnings in 1401, was refurbished in 2013 when the cathedral celebrated its 850th birthday.

Each of the nearly 8,000 pipes, some of which date back to the 18th century, was individually cleaned and returned to its place while nine new, gargantuan bells replaced the 19th century ones.

The archbishop of Paris said on Tuesday that it may have been damaged but did not appear to have been destroyed.

Unknown: Choir screen

An ornate division separates the congregation from where the clergy would be seated.

It features 14th-century sculptures by Pierre de Chelle, Jean Ravy and Jean Le Bouteiller.

Unknown: True Cross and Holy Nails

Another of the cathedral’s relics is a purported piece of the True Cross – the very instrument on which Jesus was crucified in the first century AD.

The collection also includes a nail which is said to be from the cross.

It was unclear on Tuesday morning whether these had been saved along with the Crown of Thorns.

Unknown: Madonna and Child statue

The 14th-century, life-sized statue of the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus is also known, like the cathedral itself, as Notre Dame or Our Lady.

It stands near the Descent from the Cross sculpture which apparently escaped destruction but its own fate is still unclear.

Unknown: The Mays paintings

A series of paintings made in the 17th and early 18th century, these artworks were offered to the cathedral in May every year.

They include images of the conversion of St Paul on the road to Damascus and of the crucifixion of St Peter.

Unknown: Painting of Thomas Aquinas

A painting titled Saint Thomas Aquinas – Fountain of Wisdom – is believed to date from 1648.

It shows the Italian theologian, who heavily influenced Western philosophy, and was painted by Antoine Nicolas.

Unknown: Statue of St Denis

This sculpture begun in 1853 depicts St Denis, the patron saint of the city of Paris and a Christian martyr from the 3rd century AD.

The statue in Notre Dame shows him holding his severed head after he was executed, but its fate today is not yet known.

Unknown: The Visitation painting

Jean Jouvenet’s 1716 painting shows the Virgin Mary raising her head and arms towards Heavan, with her relative Elizabeth nearby.

It is on the western wall of the Saint-Guillaume chapel within the cathedral but its current status is unclear.

Destroyed: Irreplaceable wooden roof

The cathedral’s wooden roof – built with beams made more than 800 years ago from ancient forests – was burned to ashes in the fire.

A French cultural heritage expert has said that France no longer has trees big enough to replace them.

He said the restoration work will have to use new technologies to rebuild the roof.

Destroyed: 19th-century spire

Parisians watched in horror last night as the spire burned and then collapsed in the intense heat of the blaze.

The 13th-century spire was dismantled during the French Revolution and later rebuilt in the 1860s.

Unknown: Statue of St Therese

The southern transept of Notre Dame contains a statue, made in 1934, of St Therese of the Child Jesus.

The French nun – also known as the Little Flower of Jesus – lived in the 19th century and was described by Pope Pius X as ‘the greatest saint of modern times’.


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